IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Environmental Tax Reform and Producer Foresight: An Intertemporal Computable General Equilibrium Analysis




This paper analyses the non-environmental welfare costs of an environmental tax reform using a numerical intertemporal general equilibrium model for the Norwegian economy. The tax reform is revenue neutral such that an increase in the carbon tax rate is accompanied by a reduction in the payroll tax. By exploiting existing tax wedges in the labour market and between consumption and saving, the total non-environmental welfare effect of the tax reform is positive. The paper also analyses how imperfect price expectations for the investors in real capital influence the total welfare costs of the tax reform. The welfare effect is the same due to exploitation of initial distortions, but the transitional dynamics are quite different in the two paths.

Suggested Citation

  • Brita Bye, 1996. "Environmental Tax Reform and Producer Foresight: An Intertemporal Computable General Equilibrium Analysis," Discussion Papers 185, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ssb:dispap:185

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Holmoy, Erling & Haegeland, Torbjorn, 1999. "Effective Rates of Assistance for Norwegian Industries," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 45(1), pages 99-116, March.
    2. Holden, Steinar & Kolsrud, Dag, 1999. "Noisy signals in target zone regimes:: Theory and Monte Carlo experiments," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 43(8), pages 1531-1567, August.
    3. Bye, Brita, 2002. "Taxation, Unemployment, and Growth: Dynamic Welfare Effects of "Green" Policies," Journal of Environmental Economics and Management, Elsevier, vol. 43(1), pages 1-19, January.
    4. Pål Boug & Knut Anton Mork & Trond Tjemsland, 1995. "Financial Deregulation and Consumer Behavior: the Norwegian Experience," Discussion Papers 156, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    5. Hoel, Michael & Kverndokk, Snorre, 1996. "Depletion of fossil fuels and the impacts of global warming," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(2), pages 115-136, June.
    6. Berg, Elin & Kverndokk, Snorre & Rosendahl, Knut Einar, 1998. "Gains from cartelisation in the oil market," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 26(9), pages 725-727, August.
    7. Aaberge, Rolf, et al, 2002. "Income Inequality and Income Mobility in the Scandinavian Countries Compared to the United States," Review of Income and Wealth, International Association for Research in Income and Wealth, vol. 48(4), pages 443-469, December.
    8. Rolf Aaberge & Ugo Colombino & Steinar Strøm, 1996. "Welfare Effects of Proportional Taxation: Empirical Evidence from Italy, Norway and Sweden," Discussion Papers 171, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    9. Asheim, G.B. & Brekke, K.A., 1993. "Sustainability when Resource Management has Stochastic Consequences," Papers 01-93, Norwegian School of Economics and Business Administration-.
    10. Dagsvik, John K. & Wennemo, Tom & Wetterwald, Dag G. & Aaberge, Rolf, 2002. "Potential demand for alternative fuel vehicles," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 36(4), pages 361-384, May.
    11. Annegrete Bruvoll & Karin Ibenholt, 1996. "Future Waste Generation - Forecasts Based on a Macroeconomic Model," Discussion Papers 175, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    12. Karl Ove Aarbu, 1995. "Some Issues About the Norwegian Capital Income Imputation Model," Discussion Papers 155, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    13. Aasness, Jorgen & Bye, Torstein & Mysen, Hans Terje, 1996. "Welfare effects of emission taxes in Norway," Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 18(4), pages 335-346, October.
    14. Bjørn E. Naug & Ragnar Nymoen, 1995. "Import Price Formation and Pricing to Market: A Test on Norwegian Data," Discussion Papers 157, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    15. Elin Berg & Snorre Kverndokk & Knut Einar Rosendahl, 1996. "Market Power, International CO2 Taxation and Petroleum Wealth," Discussion Papers 170, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    16. Annegrete Bruvoll & Solveig Glomsrød & Haakon Vennemo, 1995. "The environmental drag on long- term economic performance: Evidence from Norway," Discussion Papers 143, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    17. Anne Brendemoen, 1994. "Car ownership decisions in Norwegian households," Discussion Papers 116, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    18. Einar Bowitz & Taran Fæhn & Leo A. Grünfeld & Knut Moum, 1995. "Transitory Adjustment Costs and Long Term Welfare Effects of an EU-membership - The Norwegian Case," Discussion Papers 150, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    19. Ray Barrell & Knut A. Magnussen, 1996. "Counterfactual Analyses of Oil Price Shocks using a World Model," Discussion Papers 177, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    20. Jørgen Aasness & Erik Biørn & Terje Skjerpen, 2003. "Distribution of preferences and measurement errors in a disaggregated expenditure system," Econometrics Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 6(2), pages 374-400, December.
    21. Rolf Aaberge, 1995. "Choosing Measures of Inequality for Empirical Applications," Discussion Papers 158, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Dynamic general equilibrium analysis; Environmental tax reforms; Imperfect expectations.;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • D60 - Microeconomics - - Welfare Economics - - - General
    • D90 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - General
    • H20 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - General
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ssb:dispap:185. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (L Maasø). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.