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Investment and Financial Constraints An Empirical Analysis of Norwegian Firms

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Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between a firm's investment decision and its financial situation. We present a model of investment, where the cost of external finance is increasing in the debt ratio. The model is estimated using a panel of Norwegian manufacturing establishments for the period 1977-1990. The empirical analysis finds a positive relationship between a firm's debt ratio and its marginal return to capital. This indicates that firms with high debt ratios have higher costs of finance than other firms. Including convex adjustment costs in the model did not change this result, as the size of the adjustment costs was found to be very small.

Suggested Citation

  • Frode Johansen, 1994. "Investment and Financial Constraints An Empirical Analysis of Norwegian Firms," Discussion Papers 109, Statistics Norway, Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ssb:dispap:109
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    File URL: https://www.ssb.no/a/publikasjoner/pdf/DP/dp_109.pdf
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    Cited by:

    1. Mundaca, B. Gabriela, 2007. "Corporate investment, cash flow level and market imperfections: The case of Norway," Memorandum 03/2007, Oslo University, Department of Economics, revised 23 Feb 2009.
    2. Forest, Danielle & Gouriéroux, Christian & Salvas-Bronsard, Lise, 1997. "D’une analyse de variabilités à un modèle d’investissement des firmes," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 73(1), pages 331-350, mars-juin.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Investment; Financial markets; Panel data.;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • G31 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Capital Budgeting; Fixed Investment and Inventory Studies
    • G32 - Financial Economics - - Corporate Finance and Governance - - - Financing Policy; Financial Risk and Risk Management; Capital and Ownership Structure; Value of Firms; Goodwill

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