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Europe in 2040 : three scenarios

Author

Listed:
  • Jean-Paul Fitoussi

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

  • Eloi Laurent

    (Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques)

Abstract

In this paper, we explore three scenarios for the future of the European Union, using history and reasoned imagination as guides. Our three scenarios are rooted in European contemporary challenges but draw on three ages that have shaped what Europe has become. Scenario 1 harks back to Antiquity (“the Empty Empire”), scenario 2 to the Middle Age (“Return of the City-states”) and scenario 3 to the Renaissance (“Renascent Europe”).

Suggested Citation

  • Jean-Paul Fitoussi & Eloi Laurent, 2009. "Europe in 2040 : three scenarios," Sciences Po publications 2009-21, Sciences Po.
  • Handle: RePEc:spo:wpmain:info:hdl:2441/5l6uh8ogmqildh09h4699458i
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    Keywords

    European Union; prospects; prosperity; empire; city-state;

    JEL classification:

    • E63 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Comparative or Joint Analysis of Fiscal and Monetary Policy; Stabilization; Treasury Policy
    • N14 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - Europe: 1913-
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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