IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Storm Protection by Mangroves in Orissa: An Analysis of the 1999 Super Cyclone


  • Saudamini Das


This study assesses the storm protection role afforded by mangroves. It uses data on human casualties, damages to houses and livestock losses suffered in the Kendrapada district of the State of Orissa during the super cyclone of October 1999. The cyclone (of T 7 category) devastated 12 of the 30 districts of Orissa causing 9,893 human casualties and 441,531 livestock deaths, and damaging 1,958,351 houses and 1,843,047 hectares of crop.The analysis incorporates meteorological, geo-physical and socio-economic factors to separate out the impact of mangrove vegetation on cyclone damage. The results indicate that the mangroves significantly reduced human death and seemed more effective in saving lives (both human as well as animals) than in reducing damage to static property. While there was significant reduction due to mangroves in damage to residential houses and to big animals like cattle and buffaloes, these results were not robust. If the width of the mangrove forest was 10% more that what it was at the time of the cyclone, human casualties would have been lower by 12.48 %, buffalo loss by 6.6 %, cattle loss by 2.23 % and fully collapsed houses by 2.21%. Factors like land elevation, immovable asset holdings, etc., too, had decisive effects on human casualties in the storm surge affected areas.

Suggested Citation

  • Saudamini Das, "undated". "Storm Protection by Mangroves in Orissa: An Analysis of the 1999 Super Cyclone," Working papers 10, The South Asian Network for Development and Environmental Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:snd:wpaper:10

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:snd:wpaper:10. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Anuradhak). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.