IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/smt/wpaper/2007-03.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

The Long-Term Effects of Family Circumstances and Adversity on the Incidence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: The Case of Vietnam-Era Veterans

Author

Listed:
  • Elizabeth Savoca

    () (Department of Economics, Smith College)

Abstract

This paper provides econometric evidence on the prevalence and childhood antecedents of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) using data from a large-scale cross-sectional survey of Vietnam-Era veterans. The empirical strategy accounts for potential errors in the survey PTSD diagnosis using a method that is particularly suitable for secondary analysis of public-use surveys of the health of the general population. The intensity of a veteran’s reactions to war-time stress is higher for middle-born veterans, for veterans whose parents have a history of mental illness and for veterans reared in, what was then considered, nontraditional households. The latter two factors also substantially raised the probability of a positive diagnosis. These findings are consistent with much of the psychological literature on the relationship between family psychopathology and vulnerability to the disease. They are also consistent with much of household economics literature on the relationship between family structure and a person’s achievements. Adjusted for PTSD classification errors, the sample PTSD prevalence rate is high, 18%, but roughly 4 percentage points lower than the unadjusted rate. This result is consistent with recent studies of the biases in PTSD prevalence estimates.

Suggested Citation

  • Elizabeth Savoca, "undated". "The Long-Term Effects of Family Circumstances and Adversity on the Incidence of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: The Case of Vietnam-Era Veterans," Working Papers 2007-03, Smith College, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:smt:wpaper:2007-03
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://www.smith.edu/econ/workingpaper/pdfs/Savoca1.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • C25 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Discrete Regression and Qualitative Choice Models; Discrete Regressors; Proportions; Probabilities
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:smt:wpaper:2007-03. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Elizabeth Savoca). General contact details of provider: http://www.smith.edu/econ/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.