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Competitiveness and Efficiency of the Forest Product Industry in Indonesia



This paper provides an assessment on policy and structural changes in the Indonesian wood-based industries. The author shows that the tremendous growth of production and exports has been made possible through heavy subsidies, resulting in inefficiencies in harvesting and production. Subsidies created an incentive to delay the use of cost- and wood-saving technology. Constant market share analysis revealed that competitiveness of forest product exports declined during the period 1993-2003, and could only be partially compensated by an increased shift towards pulp and paper exports. Indonesia is losing competitiveness in slow growing industries like wood products, especially plywood. Further restructuring of the forest product industry in favor of pulp and paper industry with proper environmental management is the right policy direction, but there are also concerns that the huge demand for wood by the industry is already exceeding sustainable harvest levels.

Suggested Citation

  • Haryo Aswicahyono, 2004. "Competitiveness and Efficiency of the Forest Product Industry in Indonesia," CSIS Economics Working Paper Series WPE075, Centre for Strategic and International Studies, Jakarta, Indonesia.
  • Handle: RePEc:sis:wpecon:wpe075

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    Cited by:

    1. Muhammad Zikri, 2009. "An Econometric Model for Deforestation in Indonesia," Working Papers in Economics and Development Studies (WoPEDS) 200903, Department of Economics, Padjadjaran University, revised Jul 2009.

    More about this item


    Indonesia; forest products; competitiveness; trade; constant market share (CMS);

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade

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