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市場經濟一紙單程車票 : 需求面模型

「市場經濟力量很巨大」是經濟學家普遍同意的一項重要的「經濟原理」。經濟 學教科書,簡單的說,是以「放手讓所有可增進交易雙方利益的自願性交易的順利進行 會使所有具有『可套之利』的潛在交易機會都被耗盡」、以及「在完全競爭市場下完全不 受管制的市場交易可使社會福利達到最大」的角度,來說明市場經濟的重要性。我有另 一種看法,不用涉及市經濟運作結果的是好或是壞的爭議,也不用擔心在「洗腦」問題 日愈重的時代裡「自願性交易」是不是真是自願的問題。雖然很可能我的想法不見得正 確,更不會是完全最新的獨特見解,但我還是大膽地把我的看法寫下來。我的看法想通 了其實極端的簡單,甚至您或許會覺得看來似乎一文不值。我的解釋是:商品與服務被 市場化後會促進市場供給者專業化,市場供給者的專業化優勢會進一步促進市場化。藉 由市場化與專業化互相增強彼此滋長,市場交易取代自行生產的生活型態於是會變成穩 定且不易回頭的社會生活方式。

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Paper provided by Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan in its series IEAS Working Paper : academic research with number 12-A011.

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Length: 25 pages
Date of creation: Oct 2012
Handle: RePEc:sin:wpaper:12-a011
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