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市場經濟一紙單程車票 : 需求面模型



「市場經濟力量很巨大」是經濟學家普遍同意的一項重要的「經濟原理」。經濟 學教科書,簡單的說,是以「放手讓所有可增進交易雙方利益的自願性交易的順利進行 會使所有具有『可套之利』的潛在交易機會都被耗盡」、以及「在完全競爭市場下完全不 受管制的市場交易可使社會福利達到最大」的角度,來說明市場經濟的重要性。我有另 一種看法,不用涉及市經濟運作結果的是好或是壞的爭議,也不用擔心在「洗腦」問題 日愈重的時代裡「自願性交易」是不是真是自願的問題。雖然很可能我的想法不見得正 確,更不會是完全最新的獨特見解,但我還是大膽地把我的看法寫下來。我的看法想通 了其實極端的簡單,甚至您或許會覺得看來似乎一文不值。我的解釋是:商品與服務被 市場化後會促進市場供給者專業化,市場供給者的專業化優勢會進一步促進市場化。藉 由市場化與專業化互相增強彼此滋長,市場交易取代自行生產的生活型態於是會變成穩 定且不易回頭的社會生活方式。

Suggested Citation

  • 林忠正, 2012. "市場經濟一紙單程車票 : 需求面模型," IEAS Working Paper : academic research 12-A011, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Handle: RePEc:sin:wpaper:12-a011

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Katz, Michael L & Shapiro, Carl, 1986. "Technology Adoption in the Presence of Network Externalities," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 822-841, August.
    2. Cabral, Luis M. B. & Salant, David J. & Woroch, Glenn A., 1999. "Monopoly pricing with network externalities," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 17(2), pages 199-214, February.
    3. Bulow, Jeremy I, 1982. "Durable-Goods Monopolists," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 90(2), pages 314-332, April.
    4. Jeremy Bulow, 1986. "An Economic Theory of Planned Obsolescence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 101(4), pages 729-749.
    5. Shmuel S. Oren & Stephen A. Smith, 1981. "Critical Mass and Tariff Structure in Electronic Communications Markets," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 12(2), pages 467-487, Autumn.
    6. Shmuel S. Oren & Stephen A. Smith & Robert B. Wilson, 1982. "Nonlinear Pricing in Markets with Interdependent Demand," Marketing Science, INFORMS, vol. 1(3), pages 287-313.
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