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Effects of Labor Market Regulation on Employment and Working Hours in a Labor Search Model

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Abstract

The past 30 years have witnessed lower employment rates and lower hours worked per worker, and thus lower hours worked per person, in Europe relative to the US. European countries have more regulated labor market then the US. This paper envisages the role the labor market regulation plays on the long-term difference in hours worked per person in Europe relative to the US. We study the issue in a neoclassical-growth and labor-search model. We find that our model has a unique steady state. Moreover, we analytically solve the effects of labor market regulation, represented by higher unemployment compensation and labor’s bargaining shares, on the employment and hours worked per worker. Finally, using the US as a benchmark, we translate higher unemployment compensation and labor’s bargaining shares in Europe into the data and quantify our model. We find that a more regulated labor market can lead to sizable differences in hours worked per person between Europe and the US, with the decomposition into employment and hours worked per worker being close to the data.

Suggested Citation

  • Been-Lon Chen & Chih-Fang Lai & Chia-Hui Lu, 2011. "Effects of Labor Market Regulation on Employment and Working Hours in a Labor Search Model," IEAS Working Paper : academic research 11-A006, Institute of Economics, Academia Sinica, Taipei, Taiwan.
  • Handle: RePEc:sin:wpaper:11-a006
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    File URL: http://www.econ.sinica.edu.tw/upload/file/11-A006(all).2011090815451528.pdf
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    1. Earl L. Grinols & David B. Mustard, 2001. "Management and information issues for industries with externalities: the case of casino gambling," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(1-3), pages 1-3.
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    5. Raymond D. Sauer, 2001. "The political economy of gambling regulation," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(1-3), pages 5-15.
    6. Thomas A. Garrett, 2004. "Casino gaming and local employment trends," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, issue Jan, pages 9-22.
    7. Ricardo C. Gazel & Dan S. Rickman & William N. Thompson, 2001. "Casino gambling and crime: a panel study of Wisconsin counties," Managerial and Decision Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 22(1-3), pages 65-75.
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    9. Gary S. Becker, 1983. "A Theory of Competition Among Pressure Groups for Political Influence," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 98(3), pages 371-400.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    search and matching; labor market regulation; employment and hours worked;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply

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