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La Chine Et Le Contrôle Des Émissions De Co2 : Analyse En Équilibre Général Calculable

Author

Listed:
  • Nicolas Drouin Deziel

    () (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Jie He

    () (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)

  • Luc Savard

    () (GREDI, Faculte d'administration, Université de Sherbrooke)

Abstract

L’estimation des coûts liés à l’imposition de limites aux émissions de gaz à effet de serre (GES) a fait l’objet de beaucoup d’attention médiatique dernièrement. La Chine étant un des plus grands émetteurs de GES, l’évaluation des coûts pour l’économie chinoise est donc primordiale. Dans ce travail, nous évaluons le coût de l’imposition d’une taxe sur les émissions de CO2 à l’aide d’un modèle d’équilibre général calculable de l’économie chinoise. Le modèle permet la substitution des intrants énergétiques. L’intrant énergie est décomposé en quatre sources à savoir l’électricité, le pétrole, le charbon et le gaz. Les émissions de CO2 sont directement liées à la consommation des combustibles fossiles. Le cadre chinois est particulier par son utilisation intensive du charbon comme source d’énergie. La question est évaluée à travers des taxes sur les émissions de CO2. La taxe sur les émissions de CO2 permettrait d’abaisser les émissions chinoises totales de 5,2%, l’objectif général de réduction des émissions du Protocole de Kyoto. Nous analysons aussi un choc sur les prix mondiaux du pétrole ainsi qu’une combinaison de ces deux chocs. Les possibilités de substitution particulières au contexte chinois permettraient de réduire les émissions à relativement peu de coûts.

Suggested Citation

  • Nicolas Drouin Deziel & Jie He & Luc Savard, 2009. "La Chine Et Le Contrôle Des Émissions De Co2 : Analyse En Équilibre Général Calculable," Cahiers de recherche 09-10, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
  • Handle: RePEc:shr:wpaper:09-10
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    File URL: http://gredi.recherche.usherbrooke.ca/wpapers/GREDI-0910.pdf
    File Function: First version, 2009
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Keywords

    China; Global warming; environmental tax; CGE modeling;

    JEL classification:

    • Q53 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling
    • D58 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Computable and Other Applied General Equilibrium Models
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming
    • Q58 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Environmental Economics: Government Policy

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