IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/sek/iacpro/0701568.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Politics and Literature in Turkish Historical Novel: Kemal Tahir, Atilla ?lhan and A.H. Tanp?nar

Author

Listed:
  • ASLI DALDAL

    () (YILDIZ TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY)

Abstract

Literature is an important component of a community?s culture.The relationship between literature and culture is a complex one: literature shapes a given culture and in turn is shaped by it. A literary piece of work is not the solitary production of the writer whose sole incitement is inspiration. Quite the contrary, literature is not neutral vis a vis the cultural and political requirements of its community. In fact culture itself is in no way immune from the surrounding ideology and politics of identity. This means that literature, culture and politics(of identity) are inseparable from each other and they all constitute different circles of the same chain of knowledge. This presentation will focus on the works of three famous Turkish writers namely Ahmed Hamdi Tanp?nar,(Saatleri Ayarlama Enstitüsü-The Society for Setting Clocks, 1961 ) Kemal Tahir (Devlet Ana, 1967) and Atilla Ilhan (Dersaadet?te Sabah Ezanlar?, Morning Prayers in Istanbul, 1981) whose historical novels are the best examples of the complex relationship between literature, culture and politics of identity formation. Ahmet Hamdi Tanp?nar's Saatleri Ayarlama Enstitüsü is an allegorical novel criticizing various aspects of the Kemalist Ideology. The present analysis will mostly concentrate on the "leadership aspect" of Kemalism that Tanp?nar implicitly criticizes. The "father complex" he talks about is the most controversial aspect of the Kemalist ideology. Kemal Tahir's Devlet Ana, on the other hand, is no doubt one of the most influential historical-novels of the late-Republican Era. In a sense it exemplifies Tzvetan Todorov's emphasis on how a novel can be more influential than a mere history book in propagating a peculiar understanding of history. Kemal Tahir's aim here is to transfer his philosophy of nationalism to the reader via a history novel based on a myth. Atilla Ilhan?s Dersaadet?te Sabah Ezanlar? is also a historical novel. Similar to Kemal Tahir?s Devlet Ana, this novel also constitutes a good example of Todorov?s emphasis on literature and history. Similar to Devlet Ana, its language and narrative style gives us the impression that the author(or more truly the narrator) does in fact live in those days with these people(there exists a reality effect, the impression of reality which substitutes truth with fiction). To increase this impression of reality, both authors(Tahir and ?lhan) adds some familiar(but somehow obscure, even mystical) figures among the protagonists.

Suggested Citation

  • Asli Daldal, 2014. "Politics and Literature in Turkish Historical Novel: Kemal Tahir, Atilla ?lhan and A.H. Tanp?nar," Proceedings of International Academic Conferences 0701568, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences.
  • Handle: RePEc:sek:iacpro:0701568
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://iises.net/proceedings/12th-international-academic-conference-prague/table-of-content/detail?cid=7&iid=33&rid=1568
    File Function: First version, 2014
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Literature; Politics; History;

    JEL classification:

    • Y90 - Miscellaneous Categories - - Other - - - Other

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sek:iacpro:0701568. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Klara Cermakova). General contact details of provider: https://iises.net/ .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.