IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Implicit Public Debt of the Czech Social-Security System


  • Ondrej Schneider


The Czech social-security system is hampered by the ageing population, similarly as all European systems. The discussion of remedies is still very rudimentary. Pro-reform arguments concentrate on the non-sustainability of the current system in the long term and on the miserable returns the system produces for the taxpayers. Funded systems are consequentially quoted as a viable alternative. The main argument of the non-reformers, on the contrary, rests with the sky-high costs of such a reform and on the societal instincts that may clash within an attempt. In this paper, we try to carry out an objective and comprehensive appraisal of the implicit debt of the Czech social-security system. Such an estimate would be crucial if a reform, at least partially based on the switch to a funded system, were to be conceived. Currently, the government is considering no such reform. Therefore, for the short-term fiscal outlook, costs of unreformed system should be taken into account. In a longerterm, though, future governments will have to deal with the pension system and implement some aspects of the pension reform. We show that the current social-security system based on the PAYG principle is heavily indebted, though the debt is thus far .implicit.. Taken all parts of the system together, the Czech social security system has accumulated debt in excess of 250% GDP, level similar to other European countries. The debt level is, indeed sensitive to the valorisation coefficient. Should the future governments apply very restrictive policies and keep social security benefits fixed in real terms, the overall implicit debt would decrease to 199% of GDP. On the other hand, more generous valorisation by 4% in real terms would lift the implicit debt to 324% of GDP.

Suggested Citation

  • Ondrej Schneider, 1999. "Implicit Public Debt of the Czech Social-Security System," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 0167, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:sec:cnstan:0167

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Steven T Phillips & Vincent Koen, 1993. "Price Liberalization in Russia; Behavior of Prices, Household Incomes, and Consumption During the First Year," IMF Occasional Papers 104, International Monetary Fund.
    2. Olivier Jean Blanchard & Maxim Boycko & Marek Dabrowski & Rudiger Dornbusch & Richard Layard & Andrei Shleifer, 1993. "Post-Communist Reform: Pain and Progress," MIT Press Books, The MIT Press, edition 1, volume 1, number 0262023628, July.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)


    Citations are extracted by the CitEc Project, subscribe to its RSS feed for this item.

    Cited by:

    1. Stanislaw Gomulka, 1999. "Comparative Notes on Pension Developments and Reforms in the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Romania," CASE Network Studies and Analyses 0182, CASE-Center for Social and Economic Research.
    2. Ondřej Schneider & Petr Hedbávný & Jan Zápal, 2007. "A Fiscal Rule that Has Teeth: A Suggestion for a “Fiscal Sustainability Council” Underpinned by the Financial Markets," Czech Economic Review, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, vol. 1(1), pages 32-53, March.
    3. Petr Hedbávný & Ondřej Schneider & Jan Zápal, 2004. "Does the Enlarged European Union Need a Better Fiscal Pact?," Working Papers IES 55, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised 2004.
    4. Petr Hedbávný & Ondrej Schneider & Jan Zápal, 2005. "A Fiscal Rule that has Teeth: A Suggestion for a ‘Fiscal Sustainability Council’ underpinned by the Financial Markets," CESifo Working Paper Series 1499, CESifo Group Munich.


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sec:cnstan:0167. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Aleksandra Polak). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.