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Fixers, Patronage, ‘Fixing,’ and Local Governance in Karnataka

Author

Listed:
  • Anand Inbanathan

    (Institute for social and Economic Change)

  • D V Gopalappa

Abstract

Various individuals, including party officials, elected representatives of panchayats, and sundry persons carry out functions designated as ‘fixing’. These activities are carried out by fixers for rural people, mainly in relation to government agencies and departments, which they would otherwise have found difficult to accomplish on their own. A fee is charged for such work. Elites (‘big men’ of the village) too are occasionally engaged in fixing. An essential distinction we have made is to emphasise the payment of a fee for whatever assignment is carried out. The function, rather than the person, has been given primary importance in analysing ‘fixers’ and ‘fixing’

Suggested Citation

  • Anand Inbanathan & D V Gopalappa, 2002. "Fixers, Patronage, ‘Fixing,’ and Local Governance in Karnataka," Working Papers 112, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore.
  • Handle: RePEc:sch:wpaper:112
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    File URL: http://www.isec.ac.in/Fixers_patronage_fixing.pdf
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    Keywords

    Local Government; Karnataka;

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