IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Fixers, Patronage, ‘Fixing,’ and Local Governance in Karnataka


  • Anand Inbanathan

    (Institute for social and Economic Change)

  • D V Gopalappa


Various individuals, including party officials, elected representatives of panchayats, and sundry persons carry out functions designated as ‘fixing’. These activities are carried out by fixers for rural people, mainly in relation to government agencies and departments, which they would otherwise have found difficult to accomplish on their own. A fee is charged for such work. Elites (‘big men’ of the village) too are occasionally engaged in fixing. An essential distinction we have made is to emphasise the payment of a fee for whatever assignment is carried out. The function, rather than the person, has been given primary importance in analysing ‘fixers’ and ‘fixing’

Suggested Citation

  • Anand Inbanathan & D V Gopalappa, 2002. "Fixers, Patronage, ‘Fixing,’ and Local Governance in Karnataka," Working Papers 112, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bangalore.
  • Handle: RePEc:sch:wpaper:112

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Local Government; Karnataka;


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sch:wpaper:112. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (B B Chand). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.