Parameter Sensistivity and Its Cyclical Consequences in Macroeconometric Models
Since the seminal work of Adleman/Adleman, econometric models are presumed to be driven by changes of the exogenous variables, modified by the model's dynamics. Our knowledge of the impulse/propagation mechanism in macroeconometric models is, however, still rather poor. In following a more flexible understanding of econometric model parameters, laid out by Belsley/Kuh/Welsch and Kuh/Neese/Hollinger, it is suggested that parameter perturbation be used as an instrument to analyze the propagation process. Applications of the method to the Michigan Quarterly Model and to the RWI Quarterly Model revealed that only a few parameters strongly contribute to the model's reactions. The present paper extends this analysis and asks in more detail for the quantitative importance of these reactions with respect to the business cycle classification. More specifically, it examines the cyclical consequences of systematic parameter perturbations within the RWI model, a medium sized macroeconometric model for the FRG in operation for more than 25 years. As a cyclical reference, a four phase classification of the German business cycles, derived from a multivariate discriminant analysis, is used. The paper attempts to determine the degrees of parameter changes that are able to affect the cyclical picture of the economy. It first reviews the cyclical implications of macroeconometric models and then presents the notions of influential data in general and parameter perturbations in particular. It then presents the results of a number of parameter perturbations, evaluating them with respect to their cyclical consequences in the multivariate-discriminant-analysis-based classification scheme. Finally, it answers the question whether changes, if not an alternative, are at least a complement to exogenous variables in driving elements of macroeconometric models.
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|Date of creation:||01 Mar 1999|
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