Sectoral Specialisation and Growth Rate DIfferences Among Integrated Economies
This paper analyses the sectoral specialisation mechanisms and their effects on growth rate differences providing an alternative approach to endogenous growth processes. The framework developed relies on a Kaldorian growth model with evolutionary micro-founded technical change. The paper develops a multi-sectoral growth model. Following the Kaldorian tradition economic growth is here driven by the aggregate demand dynamics, constrained by the balance of payment. Aggregate demand dynamics is function of foreign income dynamics and of the economies relative competitiveness, defined at the micro-level through technical change dynamics. Technical change modelling follows the evolutionary literature on growth and industrial dynamics. Firms production techniques are build on the accumulation of capital vintages. These are developed by firms through their R&D activity. The outcome of their R&D activity is stochastic. Firms and therefore economies are subject to selection mechanisms through sector-wide replicator dynamics. This framework is used to address the following issues: First, we investigate the conditions for sectoral specialisation to emerge from the dynamics generated by the model. These mechanisms are linked to the interaction between the uneven technical change among sectors and economies generated at the micro-level and the macro-framework. Second, the paper investigates the relationship between specialisation patterns and growth rate differences among economies
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- Patrick Llerena & André Lorentz, 2003. "Alternative Theories on Economic Growth and the Co-evolution of Macro-Dynamics and Technological Change: A survey," LEM Papers Series 2003/27, Laboratory of Economics and Management (LEM), Sant'Anna School of Advanced Studies, Pisa, Italy.
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