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Costs and prospects for home based Long Term Care in Northern Italy: the Galca survey


  • Bettio, Francesca

    () (Dipartimento di Economia Politica, UniversitaÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂ di Siena)

  • Mazzotta, Fernanda

    (CELPE (Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy), University of Salerno, Italy)

  • Solinas, Giovanni

    (Dipartimento di Economia Politica, UniversitaÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂ di Modena e Reggio Emilia)


An important issue in the design of sustainable Long Term Care policies is the relative social cost of community or home based care versus institutional care. Here we undertake this cost comparison making use of the findings from the GALCA surveys on Long Term Care in Denmark, Ireland and Italy but confining attention to Italy. The survey for Italy was conducted in the municipality of Modena that may be considered broadly representative of Long Term Care conditions in the North of the country. It offers detailed descriptions of the carers and the cared for ranging from demographic and epidemiological characteristics to labour market position. The survey also allows to accurately compile all the ÃÂâÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂinputsÃÂâÃÂÃÂÃÂàthat go into home care, from ÃÂâÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂunpaidÃÂâÃÂÃÂÃÂàfamily labour and paid labour of immigrant minders to public and private services. Based on this information, we calculate the overall, per elderly social cost of home based care and find that home based care is more cost effective than institutional care even if the opportunity cost of ÃÂâÃÂÃÂÃÂÃÂunpaidÃÂâÃÂÃÂÃÂàfamily carers is valued and included in the calculation. We discuss the reasons for cost effectiveness and identify some of the risk factors that threaten the long term sustainability of current home care arrangements in Italy.

Suggested Citation

  • Bettio, Francesca & Mazzotta, Fernanda & Solinas, Giovanni, 2007. "Costs and prospects for home based Long Term Care in Northern Italy: the Galca survey," CELPE Discussion Papers 103, CELPE - Centre of Labour Economics and Economic Policy, University of Salerno, Italy.
  • Handle: RePEc:sal:celpdp:0103

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    Cited by:

    1. Francesca Bettio & Giovanni Solinas, 2009. "Which European model for elderly care? Equity and cost-effectiveness in home based care in three European countries," Department of Economics 0609, University of Modena and Reggio E., Faculty of Economics "Marco Biagi".

    More about this item


    Government; Expenditure; Health-Analysis Health Care; Market-Economics; Elderly-Time; allocation; Labour; Supply;

    JEL classification:

    • H51 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - Government Expenditures and Health
    • I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
    • J14 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of the Elderly; Economics of the Handicapped; Non-Labor Market Discrimination
    • J22 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Time Allocation and Labor Supply


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