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Financial Innovation, Market Participation, and Asset Prices

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  • Martin Gonzalez Eiras

    () (Department of Economics, Universidad de San Andres)

  • Laurent Calvet

    (Harvard University)

  • Paolo Sodini

    (Stockholm School of Economics)

Abstract

This paper proposes that the introduction of non-redundant assets can endogenously modify trader participation in financial markets, which can lead to a lower market premium and a higher interest rate. We demonstrate this mechanism in a tractable exchange economy with endogenous participation. Investors receive heterogeneous random incomes determined by a finite number of macroeconomic factors. They can freely borrow and lend, but must pay a fixed entry cost to invest in risky assets. Security prices and the participation structure are jointly determined in equilibrium. The model reconciles a number of features that have characterized financial markets in the past three decades: substantial financial innovation; a sharp increase in investor participation; improved risk management practices; an increase in interest rates; and a reduction in the risk premium.
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Suggested Citation

  • Martin Gonzalez Eiras & Laurent Calvet & Paolo Sodini, 2004. "Financial Innovation, Market Participation, and Asset Prices," Working Papers 76, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Sep 2004.
  • Handle: RePEc:sad:wpaper:76
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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Lettau & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh, 2008. "Reconciling the Return Predictability Evidence," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 21(4), pages 1607-1652, July.
    2. Laurent E. Calvet & John Y. Campbell & Paolo Sodini, 2007. "Down or Out: Assessing the Welfare Costs of Household Investment Mistakes," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 115(5), pages 707-747, October.
    3. Laurent E. Calvet & Paolo Sodini, 2014. "Twin Picks: Disentangling the Determinants of Risk-Taking in Household Portfolios," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 69(2), pages 867-906, April.
    4. Ralph S.J. Koijen & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh, 2011. "Predictability of Returns and Cash Flows," Annual Review of Financial Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 3(1), pages 467-491, December.
    5. Guiso, Luigi & Sodini, Paolo, 2013. "Household Finance: An Emerging Field," Handbook of the Economics of Finance, Elsevier.
    6. Massimo Massa & Andrei Simonov, 2005. "Behavioral Biases and Investment," Review of Finance, European Finance Association, vol. 9(4), pages 483-507.
    7. Bilias, Yannis & Georgarakos, Dimitris & Haliassos, Michael, 2005. "Equity culture and the distribution of wealth," CFS Working Paper Series 2005/20, Center for Financial Studies (CFS).
    8. Chiaki Hara & Atsushi Kajii, 2006. "Risk-free bond prices in incomplete markets with recursive multiple-prior utilities," International Journal of Economic Theory, The International Society for Economic Theory, vol. 2(2), pages 135-157.
    9. Herrera, Helios, 2005. "Sorting in risk-aversion and asset price volatility," Journal of Mathematical Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(4-5), pages 557-570, August.
    10. Miklós Koren, 2003. "Financial Globalization, Portfolio Diversification, and the Pattern of International Trade," IMF Working Papers 03/233, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Zhang, Yue, 2015. "The securitization of gold and its potential impact on gold stocks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 58(C), pages 309-326.
    12. Hanno Lustig & Stijn Van Nieuwerburgh, 2006. "Can Housing Collateral Explain Long-Run Swings in Asset Returns?," NBER Working Papers 12766, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Anisha Ghosh & George M. Constantinides, 2014. "Prices, Consumption, and Dividends Over the Business Cycle: A Tale of Two Regimes," NBER Working Papers 20678, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Felipe S. Iachan & Plamen T. Nenov & Alp Simsek, 2015. "The Choice Channel of Financial Innovation," NBER Working Papers 21686, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    15. Roberto Cortes Conde, 2008. "Spanish America Colonial Patterns: The Rio de La Plata," Working Papers 96, Universidad de San Andres, Departamento de Economia, revised Mar 2008.
    16. Jacco Thijssen, 2008. "A computational study on general equilibrium pricing of derivative securities," Annals of Finance, Springer, vol. 4(4), pages 505-523, October.
    17. Francisco Gomes & Alexander Michaelides, 2008. "Asset Pricing with Limited Risk Sharing and Heterogeneous Agents," Review of Financial Studies, Society for Financial Studies, vol. 21(1), pages 415-448, January.
    18. Chaiki Hara & Atsushi Kajii, 2004. "Risk-Free Bond Prices in Incomplete Markets with Recursive Utility Functions and Multiple Beliefs," KIER Working Papers 590, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
    19. Walentin Karl, 2010. "Earnings Inequality and the Equity Premium," The B.E. Journal of Macroeconomics, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-23, November.
    20. Kawamura, Enrique, 2004. "Investors's distrust and the marketing of new financial assets," The Quarterly Review of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 265-295, May.
    21. Michail Anthropelos & Constantinos Kardaras, 2018. "Equilibrium in thin security markets under restricted participation," Papers 1802.09954, arXiv.org.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    finance; market participation; assets; price;

    JEL classification:

    • D52 - Microeconomics - - General Equilibrium and Disequilibrium - - - Incomplete Markets
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy

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