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The Influence Of Rdi On Competitiveness And Specialisation Of Production And Export In Europe


  • Olteanu, Dan

    (Romanian Academy, National Institute of Economic Research)


This study analyses how the relative specialisation indexes of production and export for various categories of products are correlated with the technological level of a country expressed in RDI expenditures and number of patent applications to the EPO. We showed that the countries investing in research and achieve performance in innovation specialize in technology-intensive activities that benefit the national economy. Moreover, with regard to product differentiation (irrespective of industry), the countries produce and export high quality goods which embed significant RDI expenditures and human capital, benefiting from high export prices. Considering the classification of production by stages at production, their specialisation is achieved in goods having the highest value added, which also embed significant expenditures on RDI (components, accessories and capital goods).

Suggested Citation

  • Olteanu, Dan, 2010. "The Influence Of Rdi On Competitiveness And Specialisation Of Production And Export In Europe," Working Papers of National Institute of Economic Research 100205, National Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:ror:wpince:100205

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    More about this item


    RDI; competitiveness; technological specialisation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes
    • C21 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Cross-Sectional Models; Spatial Models; Treatment Effect Models


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