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Liberalizarea economiei României (1990-2000)


  • Iancu, Aurel

    (Institutul National de Cercetari Economice al Academiei Române)


After the fall of communism, in December 1989, the transition period from the planned centralized state economy to the free market economy followed. The article presents the main actions regarding the internal and external economic liberalization of Romania, the opposing – disruptive factors of the liberalization and the main measures of economic recovery. It is mentioned the abolition of centralized planning, privatization, liberalization of prices, etc. The stage of liberalization of the Romanian economy was strongly marked by the application of the Association Agreement of Romania with the European Union (European Association Agreement) of 1993. Among its specific actions foreseen and applied in Romania are the following: liberalization of trade in goods and services through the abolition of tariff and non-tariff customs barriers, Romania taking over the common commercial policies of the EU vis-àvis third parties, taking over and applying the Community acquis of the single market. Finally, the article mentions the main positive and negative effects of liberalization.

Suggested Citation

  • Iancu, Aurel, 2019. "Liberalizarea economiei României (1990-2000)," Studii Economice 191114, National Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:ror:seince:191114

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    free market economy; liberalization; European Association Agreement; abolishing tariff and non-tariff customs barriers; common commercial policy;

    JEL classification:

    • P10 - Economic Systems - - Capitalist Systems - - - General
    • P20 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies - - - General
    • N10 - Economic History - - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics; Industrial Structure; Growth; Fluctuations - - - General, International, or Comparative
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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