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Strategic energy sources and trends of alternative energies in the European Union


  • Dutu, Mihai

    () (Universitatea Nationala de Aparare Carol I)


The present dynamic security environment forced organizations or countries to radically restructure their objectives and strategies. In the last years, the European Union energy strategy has been in the process of a profound objectives transformation. The paper deals with the problem of the energy security in the European Union and the role of renewable energies to security supply in the context of the global energetic crisis, and the role of multiple factors which destroy the equilibrium among the energetic security, economical development and environmental evolution. There are a large range of proposed European projects in the energetic sphere that intend to fulfill the request to increase the security supply in order to weaken the dependence of European countries on the Russian energetic resources. European energy demand and import dependence continues to increase and primary energy sources are mainly used to cover European energy needs. Considering the energy security is very important for European Union, this paper presents an overview of strategic energy sources and underlines the importance of renewable energy in the way to ensure security supply of energy. Today, the international energy system is characterized by a high level of interdependence, the energy supply and climate change security are the central concerns for policy makers and they give significant dimensions of the long-term quest for a sustainable energy system. In this context one of policies developed by European Union is to promote the renewable energy. Paper:

Suggested Citation

  • Dutu, Mihai, 2009. "Strategic energy sources and trends of alternative energies in the European Union," Papers 2009/149, Osterreichish-Rumanischer Akademischer Verein.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:sphedp:2009_149

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    More about this item


    energy; security of supply; classical fuels; renewable energies; European Union;

    JEL classification:

    • A11 - General Economics and Teaching - - General Economics - - - Role of Economics; Role of Economists


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