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베트남, 라오스, 캄보디아에 대한 무역을 위한 원조(Aid for Trade) 동향과 효과 분석 (The Effect of Aid for Trade on Exports: Vietnam, Lao PDR and Cambodia)


  • Kim , Han Sung

    (Ajou University)

  • Lee , Hongshik

    (Korea University - Department of Economics)

  • Kang , Moonsung

    (Korea University - Division of International Studies)

  • Song , Backhoon

    (Sungshin Women's University)


Korean Abstract: 2005년 WTO 홍콩 각료회의에서 무역을 위한 원조(AfT: Aid for Trade) 이니셔티브가 채택된 이후 다방면에 걸쳐 국제사회의 AfT는 증가하여 왔다. 실제로 AfT가 ODA에서 차지하는 비중은 2006년 이후 꾸준히 증가하여 2012년에는 전체 ODA의 약 31%를 차지하고 있다. 그러나 이와 같은 AfT가 개발도상국의 무역비용 감소와 수출경쟁력 증가에 실질적으로 기여했는가에 대해서는 다양한 의견이 존재하고 있다. 이에 따라 무역을 위한 원조가 과연 개발도상국의 수출과 성장에 어떠한 영향을 미치는지에 대하여 많은 국내외 연구자들의 관심이 집중되고 있다. 이처럼 AfT에 대한 관심이 증가하면서 한국의 AfT 규모 또한 크게 증가하여 DAC 회원국가 중 8위에 해당하는 금액을 지원하고 있으며, 이는 우리나라 전체 ODA의 40%를 차지하고 있다. 그러나 지금까지 한국의 AfT 원조는 절대적인 규모에만 초점을 맞추고 있어 효율적인 자원 배분이 이루어지지 않는다는 문제가 제기되고 있다. 즉 우리가 지원한 AfT 사업이 어떠한 방식으로 사용되었는지, 실제로 공여국과 수원국 사이에 무역량을 증진시키는 데 효과적으로 기여하였는지를 모니터링할 수 있는 연구는 실시되지 않고 있는 실정이다. 이에 본 연구에서는 지금까지 한국의 AfT가 실제로 수원국과 공여국 간의 무역을 활성화시켰는지 여부를 실증적으로 분석하고, 앞으로의 AfT가 수원국의 무역을 통한 경제성장에 어떠한 영향을 줄 수 있으며, 한국과 수원국 간의 무역증진에 어떻게 기여할 수 있는지를 분석하고 있다. 이를 위하여 동남아시아국가연합 후발 가입국이고 체제전환국가로 빠른 경제성장을 이룩하고 있는 베트남, 라오스 및 캄보디아를 대상으로 연구를 실시하였다. English Abstract: Since the adoption of the WTO-led Aid for Trade (AfT) initiative in 2005, there has been a steady increase in trade related aid around the world. The share of AfT in total official development assistance (ODA) reached to 31% in 2012. Along with the increase in AfT, there has a slight controversy regarding the impact of AfT on reduction of trade costs and/or expert competitiveness of recipient countries. The Korea's volume of ODA has been increasing, with Korea becoming the 8th largest AfT donor country among DAC member countries; Korean ODA comprised 40% of the AfT itself. Interest regarding AfT, however, has mostly been concerned with the volume of AfT and there was relatively less attention toward its effectiveness. Our study, rather, is focused on the qualitative aspect of AfT; we would like to answer the questions on whether Korea's AfT had positive impacts on recipient countries' trade capacity - meaning our investigations would concern how the AfT contributed to their economic growth and what will be its impact on the trade between Korea and recipient countries. We selected three Southeast Asian countries, Vietnam, Cambodia and Lao PDR, who are late-comers among ASEAN (Association of South East Asian Nations) members and also transition countries with a high economic growth.

Suggested Citation

  • Kim , Han Sung & Lee , Hongshik & Kang , Moonsung & Song , Backhoon, 2015. "베트남, 라오스, 캄보디아에 대한 무역을 위한 원조(Aid for Trade) 동향과 효과 분석 (The Effect of Aid for Trade on Exports: Vietnam, Lao PDR and Cambodia)," Policy Analyses 15-27, Korea Institute for International Economic Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:kieppa:2015_027
    DOI: 10.2139/ssrn.2777935
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    AfT; Aid For Trade; Trade; Trade Policy; International Aid; Vietnam; Laos; Cambodia;
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