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Multi Criteria Decision Making Models: An Overview On Electre Methods


  • Lima, Antonieta

    (Universidade Portucalense)

  • Salazar Soares , Vasco



In portfolio analysis, there are a few models that can be used. Therefore, the aim of this paper is to make an overview on multi criteria decision making models, in particular, on ELECTRE methods. We discuss the different versions of ELECTRE, which exist and why they exist. So, when speaking about ELECTRE methods structure, we have to consider two main procedures: construction of one or several outranking relation(s) procedure, and exploitation procedure. In the exploitation procedure, recommendations are elaborated from the results obtained in the first phase. The nature of the recommendation depends on the problematic: choosing, ranking or sorting. Each method is characterized by its construction and exploitation procedure. For choice problem, we can apply ELECTRE I, ELECTRE Iv, and ELECTRE IS; for ranking problem, we can apply ELECTRE II, ELECTRE III, ELECTRE IV and ELECTRE-SS; and for sorting problem we can apply ELECTRE TRI. Finally, some failings on ELECTRE methods assumptions are discussed, for instance, rank reversals. So, when analyzing portfolio management decision problem, the literature suggests AHP method and PROMETHEE family.

Suggested Citation

  • Lima, Antonieta & Salazar Soares , Vasco, 2011. "Multi Criteria Decision Making Models: An Overview On Electre Methods," Working Papers 21/2011, Universidade Portucalense, Centro de Investigação em Gestão e Economia (CIGE).
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:cigewp:2011_021

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    More about this item


    CAPM; decision problem; multi criteria decision making models; ELECTRE family; ELECTRE rank reversals;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C61 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Optimization Techniques; Programming Models; Dynamic Analysis
    • G11 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Portfolio Choice; Investment Decisions


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