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The Ties that Bind Asia, Europe, and United States


  • Kim, Soyoung

    (Seoul National University)

  • Lee, Jong-Wha

    (Asian Development Bank)

  • Park, Cyn-Young

    (Asian Development Bank)


We investigate changes in Asia’s regional and global trade linkages and their influence on macroeconomic relationships among Asia, Europe, and United States (US). We first document changes in trade patterns of East Asia, Europe, and US and discuss stylized facts about East Asia’s trade structure. The People’s Republic of China (PRC) plays a critical role as an assembly and production center in rapidly expanding intra-Asian trade. However, the PRC’s trade share in parts and components with Europe and the US is rising, suggesting that the region’s production chains are increasingly integrated into the global business network. Empirical results from a panel vector auto-regression model generally confirm the positive effect of growing intra-Asian trade on both regional and global output comovements, reflecting the nature of intra-Asian trade that is heavily driven by external demand. However, macroeconomic interdependence among East Asia, Europe, and US is becoming more bidirectional, as shown by the positive effect of the East Asian aggregate output shock on both European and US outputs. The findings suggest a future role for Asia as an increasingly important trade partner and balancing power in the world economy.

Suggested Citation

  • Kim, Soyoung & Lee, Jong-Wha & Park, Cyn-Young, 2010. "The Ties that Bind Asia, Europe, and United States," ADB Economics Working Paper Series 192, Asian Development Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:adbewp:0192

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    Cited by:

    1. Langhammer Rolf, 2011. "Rising Import Demand in China: Cui Bono and Why?," Review of Economics, De Gruyter, vol. 62(1), pages 12-21, April.
    2. Helble, Matthias & Ngiang, Boon-Loong, 2014. "From Global Factory to Global Mall: East Asia’s Changing Trade Composition," ADBI Working Papers 496, Asian Development Bank Institute.

    More about this item


    trade integration; decoupling; economic interdependence; East Asia; China; panel VAR;

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East


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