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The poverty reduction strategy of the government of Brazil: a rapid appraisal


  • José Márcio Camargo

    () (Department of Economics PUC-Rio)

  • Francisco de Hollanda Guimarães Ferreira

    () (Department of Economics PUC-Rio)


This paper provides an overview of both the current structure of poverty in Brazil through a detailed poverty profile and of the aggregate dynamics of poverty in the last two decades. We then assess a number of government policies and programs which are either specifically designed to reduce poverty or have a direct bearing on current or future social welfare. A brief discussion of the Comunidade Solidária Programme is followed by an analysis of the coverage and targeting performance of mainstream programs in the areas of education, health, social security and other transfers. Our main findings are that a fifth of the Brazilian population live in indigence, and that this does not represent a substantial improvement over the situation two decades ago. A share of the blame for this must be borne by the highly regressive pattern of incidence of ‘social expenditures’ which are, on the whole, disproportionately appropriated by the middle-classes and the rich.

Suggested Citation

  • José Márcio Camargo & Francisco de Hollanda Guimarães Ferreira, 2000. "The poverty reduction strategy of the government of Brazil: a rapid appraisal," Textos para discussão 417, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
  • Handle: RePEc:rio:texdis:417

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    Cited by:

    1. José Márcio Camargo & Francisco de Hollanda Guimarães Ferreira, 2001. "O Benefício Social Único: uma proposta de reforma da política social no Brasil," Textos para discussão 443, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being
    • I32 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - Measurement and Analysis of Poverty

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