IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Login to save this paper or follow this series

Le réseau & l’innovation, illustration par microsoft (Network & innovation illustrated by microsoft)

  • Rached Halloul


    (labrii, ULCO)

Registered author(s):

    Malgré de nombreuses tentatives pour cerner le concept de réseau, la dimension économique de ce terme demeure sujette à controverse. Des visions parcellaires ont ainsi confiné les réseaux au cadre stricte des collaborations inter-firmes, alors que des visions holistes ont tenté d’y inclure un grand nombre de rapports économiques, voir même des relations socio-politiques. En nous limitant aux rapports ayant une influence directe sur le processus d’innovation, une tentative est faite pour mieux appréhender les conséquences du réseau sur les dynamiques concurrentielles, le développement et la diffusion technologique. Cet effet semble à première vue favorable ; mais en distinguant trois types de dynamiques concurrentielles : intra-réseaux, inter-réseaux, et extra-réseaux, il paraît plus controversé. L’examen du cas de « Microsoft », confirme qu’en présence d’une firme dominante, les réseaux se traduisent par la création de barrières à l’entrée qui restreignent la concurrence extra-réseaux et obligent les firmes à intégrer les réseaux en place ; ce qui risque à moyen terme d’accentuer le degré effectif de concentration et de bloquer l’émergence d’autres grappes d’innovation. Despite many attempts to define the concept of network, the economic approach of this term remain subject to controversy. Limited views have confined networks to interfirm collaborations, while holistic views have tried to include a wide range of economic, or even sociological, relations. By analysing the links that have a direct impact on the innovation process, an attempt is made to evaluate the network's impact on competitive dynamics, development, and diffusion of technologies. At a first glance, this impact seems positive, but by distinguishing three types of competitive dynamics : intra-networks, inter-networks and extra-networks, it appears to be more controversial. The analysis of the « Microsoft » case confirms that in presence of a dominant firm, the networks create entry-barriers that restrain extra-networks competition and force firms to join existing networks, which at mid term, may increase the effective degree of concentration and block the emergence of other innovation clusters.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 56.

    in new window

    Length: 20 pages
    Date of creation: Sep 2002
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Séptembre 2002
    Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:56
    Contact details of provider: Postal: Maison de la recherche en sciences de l'homme, 21 quai de la Citadelle, 59140 Dunkerque
    Phone: (33) 3 28 23 71 35
    Fax: (33) 3 28 23 71 43 or (33) 3 28 23 71 10
    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:56. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Philippe Chagnon)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.