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Effectivité de la coopération judiciaire dans la Lutte contre le blanchiment d’argent (Effectiveness of judicial cooperation in the struggle against money laundering)

Author

Listed:
  • Eric Vernier

    () (Labrii, ULCO)

  • Charlotte Gaudin

    () (Labrii, ULCO)

Abstract

Le blanchiment d’argent progresse dans les mêmes proportions que les crimes et délits qui l’alimentent. L’argent noir, c’est 1 500 Md$, l’argent gris 4 500 Md$ par an, soit au total 20 % du PIB mondial, qu’il faut en grande partie blanchir. Face à ce fléau, les institutions internationales rédigent des textes de plus en plus rigoureux, les États installent des structures d’information, d’enquête et de répression, les banques se dotent de divisions spécifiques. Comment alors les seules mafias peuvent-elles encore blanchir 800 Md$ par an ? Pour répondre à cette question, il faut s’interroger sur l’effectivité de la coopération dans la lutte contre le blanchiment d’argent. Money laundering rises in the same proportions as the crimes: every year, $ 1.5 trillion for the « black money » and $ 4.5 trillion for the « grey money », so 20 % of the world GDP. In front of this plague, the international institutions draft more and more rigorous laws, the governments settle information, inquiry and repression structures, and the banks initiate specific departments. How then can the mafias launder $ 800 trillion a year? To answer this question, it is necessary to wonder about the effectiveness of the international anti-money laundering cooperation.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric Vernier & Charlotte Gaudin, 2008. "Effectivité de la coopération judiciaire dans la Lutte contre le blanchiment d’argent (Effectiveness of judicial cooperation in the struggle against money laundering)," Working Papers 183, Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation.
  • Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:183
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    Keywords

    Cooperation; money laundering; international institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • K42 - Law and Economics - - Legal Procedure, the Legal System, and Illegal Behavior - - - Illegal Behavior and the Enforcement of Law
    • G18 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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