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L’économie de l’entrepreneur, ou l’entrepreneur deus ex machina du capitalisme ? (The economics of entrepreneur versus the entrepreneur deus ex machina of capitalism ?)

Listed author(s):
  • Sophie Boutillier


    (labrii, ULCO)

L’entrepreneur est une question théorique majeure. J. A. Schumpeter le définit comme l’agent économique qui réalise de nouvelles combinaisons de facteurs de production. L’entrepreneur est défini par l’acte d’innovation. Nous concevons la théorie de l’entrepreneur de Schumpeter comme une métaphore : l’entrepreneur schumpétérien apporte une explication à des phénomènes tels que la croissance, la crise économiques et le progrès technique. Dans une économie managériale, l’utilisation de la métaphore n’est plus possible. L’entrepreneur joue un rôle plus pragmatique, il devient le sauveur du capitalisme parce qu’il crée des emplois. The entrepreneur is a main theoretical issue. J. A. Schumpeter defines the entrepreneur as the economic agent who achieves new combinations of production factors. The entrepreneur is defined by the innovative action. We consider the Schumpeterian theory of entrepreneur as a metaphor: the Schumpeterian entrepreneur is useful to explain phenomena such as economic growth, crisis, and technical progress. In a managerial economy, the use of the metaphor is impossible. The entrepreneur as a more pragmatic role, he becomes the saver of capitalism thank to his function of jobs creation

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Paper provided by Laboratoire de Recherche sur l'Industrie et l'Innovation. ULCO / Research Unit on Industry and Innovation in its series Working Papers with number 146.

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Length: 20 pages
Date of creation: Mar 2007
Publication status: Published in Cahiers du Lab.RII, Mars 2007
Handle: RePEc:rii:riidoc:146
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