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Itsehoitolääkkeiden kaupan vapauttamisen merkitys kaupalle ja kuluttajille


  • Mankinen, Reijo
  • Rantala, Olavi


Lääkemarkkinoita on vapautettu viime vuosina muissa Pohjoismaissa. Norjassa, Tanskassa ja Ruotsissa itsehoitolääkkeiden myynti on sallittu apteekkien lisäksi päivittäistavarakaupalle. Norjassa ja Ruotsissa on vapautettu lääkemarkkinoita laajemminkin. Myös Suomessa on käyty keskustelua itsehoitolääkkeiden myynnin sallimisesta muun muassa päivittäistavarakaupalle. Tämä lisäisi kilpailua itsehoitolääkkeiden markkinoilla, alentaisi niiden hintoja, vähentäisi kuluttajien lääkemenoja ja parantaisi lääkkeiden saatavuutta. Tässä tutkimuksessa selvitetään itsehoitolääkkeiden kaupan vapauttamisen vaikutuksia kuluttajien, päivittäistavarakaupan ja apteekkien talouteen. Itsehoitolääkkeiden kaupan vapauttaminen ja hinnan lasku hyödyttäisi eniten pienituloisia vanhus- ja eläkeläistalouksia. Lääkkeiden saatavuuden paranemisen ohella myönteisiä vaikutuksia syntyisi autoilun vähenemisen ja liikenteen ilmastokuormituksen pienenemisen muodossa. OECD :n mukaan kaupan sääntely on Suomessa viidenneksi tiukinta OECD-maissa. Lääkemarkkinoiden sääntelyn purkaminen olisi linjassa EU :n kilpailu- ja kuluttajapoliittisten tavoitteiden kanssa.

Suggested Citation

  • Mankinen, Reijo & Rantala, Olavi, 2009. "Itsehoitolääkkeiden kaupan vapauttamisen merkitys kaupalle ja kuluttajille," Discussion Papers 1204, The Research Institute of the Finnish Economy.
  • Handle: RePEc:rif:dpaper:1204

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    itsehoitolääkkeet; sääntelyn purkaminen;

    JEL classification:

    • D12 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Consumer Economics: Empirical Analysis
    • D45 - Microeconomics - - Market Structure, Pricing, and Design - - - Rationing; Licensing
    • I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets

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