On Multinational Firms, Diffusion of Skills and Development
I study the implications for the development of a country hosting of multinational firms. The paper argues that despite the negative impact on existing local firms, the presence of foreign firms induce the emergence of a new sector of domestic firms and that in the long term, the country to converge to the income level of the developed (source) country. I study the equilibria of close and open economies and show that for a set of initial conditions, the only possibility for a country to develop is to open to multinational firms. Moreover, the model shows that openness to multinational firms eliminates the possibility that a country unilaterally falls back into underdevelopment. The paper also shows that entry of foreign firms may excessively impair the accumulation of productivity of existing domestic firms.
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|Date of creation:||03 Dec 2006|
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