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Financial Frictions, Distribution Costs, and Current Account Crises

Author

Listed:
  • Sylvain Leduc
  • Diego Valderrama

Abstract

Current account crises in emerging markets are characterized by large increases in interest rates, big drops in output, and large real currency depreciations. Current models of crisis with financial frictions do not generate very large movements in these variables. Recent work has shown that the introduction of distribution costs, in otherwise standard open-economy models, can work to amplify the movements in real exchange rate. In this paper, we model a distribution sector that combines tradables and nontradables to produce a consumer good and also faces a financing constraint. In our model, a large increase in interest rates raises the cost of distributing goods and therefore brings about a fall in the supply of distribution services. In turn, the increase in the cost of distribution triggers a fall in tradable output, via a fall in the demand for traded goods. We find that the introduction of distribution services amplifies the responses of output, imports, and the real exchange rate in episodes of current account crises

Suggested Citation

  • Sylvain Leduc & Diego Valderrama, 2004. "Financial Frictions, Distribution Costs, and Current Account Crises," 2004 Meeting Papers 628, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed004:628
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    Keywords

    Distribution Costs; Financial Frictions; Real Exchange Rate;

    JEL classification:

    • F31 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Foreign Exchange
    • F32 - International Economics - - International Finance - - - Current Account Adjustment; Short-term Capital Movements
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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