IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

State Dependent Pricing and Business Cycle Asymmetries


  • Henry Siu
  • Michael B. Devereux


We present a tractable model of state-dependent pricing and study the incentive for firms to adjust their price in response to shocks. We find a distinct asymmetry in this response. Positive shocks generate greater price flexibility (and smaller output effects) than negative shocks of the same magnitude. This asymmetry arises due to a strategic linkage between firms in the incentive to adjust prices. With a positive marginal cost shock, prices are strategic complements: firms have more incentive to increase their price when other firms increase theirs. But for a negative shock, prices are strategic substitutes: firms have less incentive to lower prices when other firms lower theirs. We analyze this asymmetry in the context of a simple dynamic macro model, and examine the response of aggregate prices and quantities to monetary policy shocks. We stress two results of this exercise. First, for empirically relevant shocks there is a substantial difference between state-dependent and time-dependent pricing. Second, our state-dependent pricing model can account for business cycle asymmetries of the magnitude that have been found empirically

Suggested Citation

  • Henry Siu & Michael B. Devereux, 2004. "State Dependent Pricing and Business Cycle Asymmetries," 2004 Meeting Papers 161, Society for Economic Dynamics.
  • Handle: RePEc:red:sed004:161

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: main text
    Download Restriction: no

    Other versions of this item:

    More about this item


    state dependent pricing; business cycles; monetary shocks;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:red:sed004:161. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Christian Zimmermann). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.