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Comercio y crecimiento: Una revisión de la hipótesis "Aprendizaje por las Exportaciones"


  • Raymundo Chirinos

    () (Central bank of Peru)


El presente trabajo examina la relación entre comercio y crecimiento a través del mecanismo aprendizaje por las exportaciones (learning by exporting), por el cual cuanto más exporta un país, éste registra incrementos en su productividad que conducen a mayores tasas de expansión del producto. Se propone un modelo teórico que sustenta esta hipótesis a través de una adaptación del esquema de Ramsey-Cass-Koopmans a una economía abierta que emplee como canal de transmisión de la tecnología a las exportaciones per cápita. Asimismo, se presenta evidencia empírica -mediante el uso de un modelo de panel data- que respalda este mecanismo en una muestra amplia de países en desarrollo.

Suggested Citation

  • Raymundo Chirinos, 2007. "Comercio y crecimiento: Una revisión de la hipótesis "Aprendizaje por las Exportaciones"," Working Papers 2007-002, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2007-002

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Guillermo A. Calvo & Carmen M. Reinhart, 2002. "Fear of Floating," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 117(2), pages 379-408.
    2. Winkelried, Diego & Castillo, Paul, 2010. "Dollarization persistence and individual heterogeneity," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 29(8), pages 1596-1618, December.
    3. Arturo Galindo & Leonardo Leiderman, 2005. "Living with Dollarization and the Route to Dedollarization," Research Department Publications 4397, Inter-American Development Bank, Research Department.
    4. Ize, Alain & Yeyati, Eduardo Levy, 2003. "Financial dollarization," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 59(2), pages 323-347, March.
    5. Uribe, Martin, 1997. "Hysteresis in a simple model of currency substitution," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 40(1), pages 185-202, September.
    6. Mark Zelmer & Andrea Schaechter & Mark R. Stone & Alina Carare, 2002. "Establishing Initial Conditions in Support of Inflation Targeting," IMF Working Papers 02/102, International Monetary Fund.
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    More about this item


    Crecimiento y comercio; learning by exporting; estimación por panel data;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation

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