IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Standardized Variables, Risks and Preference


  • Frank Milne
  • Edwin H. Neave


This paper examines the expected utility effects of adding one risk to another. In comparison to related works, it places fewer restrictions on utilities and more structure on risky asset returns. The paper, entailing little loss of generality, uses discrete variables defined on a common domain (hereafter standardized variables) to find sufficient conditions for either of two (dependent or independent) variables to dominate their sum in the second degree. It then finds (higher order) sufficient conditions for either of the variables to dominate their sum in the third degree. While utilities are only restricted to be increasing concave, the expected utility differences for the respective risk positions are the same as if the investors were respectively proper or standard risk averse (Pratt-Zeckhauser [1987], Kimball [1993].

Suggested Citation

  • Frank Milne & Edwin H. Neave, 1994. "Standardized Variables, Risks and Preference," Working Papers 907, Queen's University, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:qed:wpaper:907

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: First version 1994
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:qed:wpaper:907. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mark Babcock). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.