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Do Those Unemployed Longer Work Longer?


  • Glenn Jenkins

    () (Queen's University, Kingston, On, Canada)



The analysis of the relationship of the average durations of employment and unemployment spells across labor force participants over an extended period is used to study the long-run structure of unemployment. Based on this relationship, how the unemployment rates of individuals vary with their average durations of unemployment and employment and with their frequencies of unemployment spells can be found. These relationships are derived graphically and algebraically, and are estimated, controlling for differences in age, sex, labor market experience and degree of seasonality of employment, for a sample of workers experiencing frequent unemployment spells over an extended period in labor force. The sample is drawn from a data base giving the week-by-week labor market experience over an eight-year period (1972-79) for Canadian workers claiming unemployment insurance. With the exception of young inexperienced workers, a positive relationship was found between the average durations of employment and unemployment experienced by these individuals: those who are unemployed longer also tend to work longer. As a result, those with shorter average durations of unemployment tend to have the higher frequencies of unemployment spells and the lower individual unemployment rates. Hence, the counter intuitive relationship arises that those workers with higher turnover rates have the lower individual unemployment rates among this group of frequently unemployed individuals. It is suggested that this observed pattern of employment and unemployment is consistent with many of these workers making voluntary ( if not precise) choices about the proportion of time they want to be employed and unemployed over the longer run given the labor market incentives they face, particularly those provided by the unemployment insurance system.

Suggested Citation

  • Glenn Jenkins & GRAHAM GLENDAY, 1988. "Do Those Unemployed Longer Work Longer?," Development Discussion Papers 1988-02, JDI Executive Programs.
  • Handle: RePEc:qed:dpaper:73

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. G. K. Helleiner, 1978. "Market Structure and Buyer Characteristics in Canadian Imports of Manufactures from Low-Wage Countries," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 11(2), pages 324-333, May.
    2. Ophir, Tsvi, 1969. "The Interaction of Tariffs and Quotas," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 59(5), pages 1002-1005, December.
    3. Robin W. Boadway & John M. Treddenick, 1978. "A General Equilibrium Computation of the Effects of the Canadian Tariff Structure," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 11(3), pages 424-446, August.
    4. Gopal J. Yadav, 1968. "A Note on the Equivalence of Tariffs and Quotas," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 1(1), pages 105-110, February.
    5. G. Yadav, 1972. "Discriminatory Aspects of Canada's Imports of Manufactured Goods from the Less Developed Countries," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 5(1), pages 70-83, February.
    6. Paul Wonnacott & Ronald J. Wonnacott, 1982. "Free Trade between the United States and Canada: Fifteen Years Later," Canadian Public Policy, University of Toronto Press, vol. 8(s1), pages 412-427, October.
    7. Glenn Jenkins & GRAHAM GLENDAY & JOHN EVANS, 1982. "Worker Adjustment Policies: An Alternative To Protectionism," Development Discussion Papers 1982-02, JDI Executive Programs.
    8. McCulloch, Rachel & Johnson, Harry G, 1973. "A Note on Proportionally Distributed Quotas," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 63(4), pages 726-732, September.
    9. Glenn Jenkins & GRAHAM GLENDAY & JOHN EVANS & CLAUDE MONTMARQUETTE, 1978. "Trade Adjustment Assistance: The Costs Of Adjustment And Policy Proposals," Development Discussion Papers 1978-04, JDI Executive Programs.
    10. Falvey, Rodney E, 1979. "The Composition of Trade within Import-restricted Product Categories," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 87(5), pages 1105-1114, October.
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    More about this item


    unemployment; insurance incentives; Canada;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure


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