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Labor Immobility and the Transmission Mechanism of Monetary Policy in a Monetary Union

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  • Bernardino Adão
  • Isabel Horta Correia

Abstract

It is believed that a shock, common to a set of countries with identical fundamentals, has identical outcomes across countries. We show that in general, when specialization in production is such that a common shock creates a missing role for labor mobility across countries, the terms of trade of any country reacts to the shock. This is the case even if state contingent assets can be traded across countries. The transmission mechanism of a monetary shock in a monetary union has in this case an additional channel, the terms of trade. We also show that the country outcomes are significantly different, when compared with the effect of the shock on the union’s aggregate. Monetary shocks impose cycles with higher volatility in "poor" countries relatively o the volatility of "richer" ones.

Suggested Citation

  • Bernardino Adão & Isabel Horta Correia, 2010. "Labor Immobility and the Transmission Mechanism of Monetary Policy in a Monetary Union," Working Papers w201019, Banco de Portugal, Economics and Research Department.
  • Handle: RePEc:ptu:wpaper:w201019
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E41 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Demand for Money
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • E62 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Macroeconomic Policy, Macroeconomic Aspects of Public Finance, and General Outlook - - - Fiscal Policy

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