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[Non-exclusive and Non-competitive Sources of Public Goods and spontaneous Property rights system]


  • Yan, Lei


New-classical paradigm public goods theory holds that non-exclusivity and non-competitiveness are the objective attributes of public goods. However, in reality, it is difficult to find a good which is strictly non-exclusive and non-competitive. Trading paradigm theory holds that the non-exclusivity and non-competitiveness of public goods derive from its collective decision-making and public provision. However, the theory does not give the decisive factors of collective decision-making and public provision. Starting from analyzing the use of goods, this paper discussed the non-exclusive and non-competitive characteristics of the goods in four assumed occasions based on different using methods and directions among users. It holds that non-exclusivity and non-competitiveness are neither the objective attribute of goods, nor the result of public decision-making and public supply, but come from a special use situation among users. On this basis, it analyzes the conditions of private voluntary provision and consumption when the goods are non-exclusive and non-competitive and analyzed the influence of the property rights system on the private supply and consumption and the spontaneous formation mechanism of property rights system when the goods are non-exclusive and non-competitive.

Suggested Citation

  • Yan, Lei, 2019. "公共物品非排他性、非竞争性逻辑起源与自发产权制度
    [Non-exclusive and Non-competitive Sources of Public Goods and spontaneous Property rights system]
    ," MPRA Paper 97032, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 19 Nov 2019.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:97032

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    non-excludability,non-rivalry,Private voluntary provision,property right system;

    JEL classification:

    • H41 - Public Economics - - Publicly Provided Goods - - - Public Goods


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