IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Unrestrained Credit In A Credit Economy, The Credit Cycle, And Fiat Money Defy Monetarism In The Attempt to Control Price Level Changes


  • Salvary, Stanley C. W.


Monetarists maintain that changes in the price level are attributable to the level of the money supply. Hence, price stability has been the rationale for the money supply rule derived from the Quantity Theory of Money. Consequently, to curb inflation, the general price level index is the lever for periodic adjustments of the short-term interest rate. Nevertheless, monetary control is ineffective due the fact that: (1) with the collapse of the gold standard during the 1930s and the removal of the final link to a commodity - gold (an exogenous variable with a variable nominal value), fiat money (an endogenous variable with an invariable nominal value) emerged unchallenged; (2) the realignment of relative prices - the perennial cause of changes in the general level of prices - cannot be abated since it is the effective mechanism for the efficient functioning of the economic system; and (3) unrestrained consumer credit - driven by unbridled aggressive business policies and producing documented credit cycles with periods of credit expansion and credit saturation - has severely amplified the impact of price level changes. This paper examines the issue of price level changes within the context of money (types and functions), economic systems (barter, monetary, and credit), aggressive business practices, unrestrained consumer credit, and credit cycles.

Suggested Citation

  • Salvary, Stanley C. W., 2008. "Unrestrained Credit In A Credit Economy, The Credit Cycle, And Fiat Money Defy Monetarism In The Attempt to Control Price Level Changes," MPRA Paper 6703, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:6703

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    fiscal policy; inflation; credit cycles; credit economy; monetarism; aggressive business practices; commodity money; exchange ratios; crisis of doubt; fiat money; interest rate policy; unrestrained consumer credit; purchasing power; realignment of relative prices;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E00 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - General
    • E3 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles

    NEP fields

    This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:6703. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter) or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.