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Uruguay Round Agreement and Pakistan's Trade in Textiles and Clothing


  • Din, Musleh-ud
  • Abbas, Kalbe


The textile and clothing sector is of strategic importance to Pakistan, accounting for more than 50 percent of its manufactured exports. The phasing-out of MFA type restrictions and other trade barriers is generally expected to have positive effects on Pakistan's exports of textiles and clothing in the long run. At the same time, However, the eroson of preferencial treatment embodied in the Multi-Fiber Agreements poses many challenges to textile and clothing industry in Pakistan. The emerging scenario of freer trade in textiles and clothing highlights the need to enhance competitiveness in this sector by improving product quality, efficiency of resource use, and productivity. Also, there is a need to advance in the reforms and liberalization of the economy, and to focus public policy towards addressing the structural problems of the textiles and clothing with a view to enabling it to compete better in the more competitive international market.

Suggested Citation

  • Din, Musleh-ud & Abbas, Kalbe, 2000. "Uruguay Round Agreement and Pakistan's Trade in Textiles and Clothing," MPRA Paper 4903, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Mar 2000.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:4903

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Schwert, G. William, 1987. "Effects of model specification on tests for unit roots in macroeconomic data," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 20(1), pages 73-103, July.
    2. Sims, Christopher A, 1972. "Money, Income, and Causality," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(4), pages 540-552, September.
    3. James R. Barth & James T. Bennett, 1974. "The Role of Money in the Canadian Economy: An Empirical Test," Canadian Journal of Economics, Canadian Economics Association, vol. 7(2), pages 306-311, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Nadeem Ul Haque, 2007. "Entrepreneurship in Pakistan," Microeconomics Working Papers 22190, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    2. Nadeem Ul Haque, 2007. "Entrepreneurship in Pakistan," PIDE-Working Papers 2007:29, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics.
    3. Umer Khalid, 2003. "Opportunities and Challenges for Pakistan in an Era of Globalisation," Lahore Journal of Economics, Department of Economics, The Lahore School of Economics, vol. 8(1), pages 45-63, Jan-June.

    More about this item


    textile; clothing; and uruguay round agreement;

    JEL classification:

    • F10 - International Economics - - Trade - - - General
    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations


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