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Implications of GATT-94 on exports of Indian agro-processing firms


  • Keshari, Pradeep K.
  • Nair, Tara
  • Avasthi, Dinesh


In the background of controversy on the prospective effect of GATT-94 on exports from the Indian agro-processing firms, this paper seeks to achieve mainly four objectives: (i)To analyse the perceptions of agro-based firms about the effect of GATT-94 on their business performance, particularly the exports, (ii) To analyse the determinants of competitiveness as perceived by the entrepreneurs of agro-processing firms in the aftermath of GATT-94, (iii) To find out the strategies planned by them to exploit the opportunities or cope up with the challenges arising out of GATT-94 and (iv) To discuss the obstacles to exports faced by the agro processing firms and suggest specific measures to address the same.

Suggested Citation

  • Keshari, Pradeep K. & Nair, Tara & Avasthi, Dinesh, 2013. "Implications of GATT-94 on exports of Indian agro-processing firms," MPRA Paper 47234, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:47234

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Alchian, Armen A & Demsetz, Harold, 1972. "Production , Information Costs, and Economic Organization," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 62(5), pages 777-795, December.
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    5. Jensen, Michael C. & Meckling, William H., 1976. "Theory of the firm: Managerial behavior, agency costs and ownership structure," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 3(4), pages 305-360, October.
    6. Grossman, Sanford J & Hart, Oliver D, 1986. "The Costs and Benefits of Ownership: A Theory of Vertical and Lateral Integration," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 94(4), pages 691-719, August.
    7. Shleifer, Andrei & Vishny, Robert W, 1997. " A Survey of Corporate Governance," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 52(2), pages 737-783, June.
    8. Raghuram G. Rajan & Luigi Zingales, 1998. "Power in a Theory of the Firm," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, Oxford University Press, vol. 113(2), pages 387-432.
    9. Child, John & Yan, Yanni, 1999. "Investment and control in international joint ventures: the case of China," Journal of World Business, Elsevier, vol. 34(1), pages 3-15, April.
    10. Nakamura, Masao, 2005. "Joint venture instability, learning and the relative bargaining power of the parent firms," International Business Review, Elsevier, vol. 14(4), pages 465-493, August.
    11. Williamson, Oliver E, 1983. "Credible Commitments: Using Hostages to Support Exchange," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 73(4), pages 519-540, September.
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    More about this item


    GATT-94; Indian agro-processing industry;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • Q17 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agriculture in International Trade

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