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اقتصاد زیرزمینی در شهرهای مرزی
[Underground Economy in Border Cities (Effects of Smuggling on Iran's Economy)]


  • Golmohammadpoor Azar, Kamran
  • Sarmadi, Hamid


The Islamic Republic of Iran as one of the widest countries of Middle East and economic poles of southeast of Asia is neighbor of 7 foreign countries in grand. An important negative result of this fact is smuggling in border cities of Iran that is named undergrand or informal economy. In the east of Iran, this phenomenon is in figure of smugging of economic goods with negative marginal utility which are called good commodities in economics that in addition to negative economic aspects has a variety of social disorders. In the west of country illegal import of commodities from neighbourhood countries is followed several negative economic results. The purpose of this article is to survey effective factors and results of smuggling extension in Iran.

Suggested Citation

  • Golmohammadpoor Azar, Kamran & Sarmadi, Hamid, 2012. "اقتصاد زیرزمینی در شهرهای مرزی [Underground Economy in Border Cities (Effects of Smuggling on Iran's Economy)]," MPRA Paper 43936, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:43936

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    More about this item


    Border cities; Commodity smuggling; Undergrand economics; Results of smuggling;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O53 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Asia including Middle East
    • I12 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Health Behavior
    • E26 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Informal Economy; Underground Economy


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