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Employment, income and wages in informal sector of Greater Khartoum: findings of a survey


  • Mohammad, Irfan
  • Idris, Huda El-Tayab
  • Gabbani, Abdel-Hamid


This is the second working paper of the UNFPA/ILO Project "Assistance for formulation and implementation of National Population and Human Resource Development" SUD/68/P06. The informal sector survey, subject matter of this report was undertaken in May 1988. Organization of informal sector in terms of ownership and management is discussed in the first section of this report. Adequacy of infra-structural facilities is also provided in this section. Sectoral composition/ structure of assets/ and operation of enterprise is detailed in the second section. Sales and net income of the enterprises is discussed in Section three. This section also contains a multivariate regression analysis to assess determinants of enterprises net income. Employment structure/household income of the operators/ and wages of the informal sector employees find their place in the fourth section. Over time growth of the informal sector in Khartoum and problems faced by the respondents are discussed in fifth section. Final section presents conclusions and policy recommendations.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohammad, Irfan & Idris, Huda El-Tayab & Gabbani, Abdel-Hamid, 1991. "Employment, income and wages in informal sector of Greater Khartoum: findings of a survey," MPRA Paper 38996, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38996

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Diebold, Francis X. & Li, Canlin, 2006. "Forecasting the term structure of government bond yields," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 130(2), pages 337-364, February.
    2. Balasubramanian, N. & Black, Bernard S. & Khanna, Vikramaditya, 2010. "The relation between firm-level corporate governance and market value: A case study of India," Emerging Markets Review, Elsevier, vol. 11(4), pages 319-340, December.
    3. Shah, Ajay & Thomas, Susan & Gorham, Michael, 2008. "Indian Financial Markets," Elsevier Monographs, Elsevier, edition 1, number 9780123742513.
    4. Pipat Luengnaruemitchai & Li L Ong, 2005. "An Anatomy of Corporate Bond Markets; Growing Pains and Knowledge Gains," IMF Working Papers 05/152, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Nelson, Charles R & Siegel, Andrew F, 1987. "Parsimonious Modeling of Yield Curves," The Journal of Business, University of Chicago Press, vol. 60(4), pages 473-489, October.
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    More about this item


    Informal sector; Infrastructure; Sectoral composition; Structure of Assets; Multivariate Regression Analysis; employment structure; Khartoum; survey report;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • E2 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment
    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity


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