IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Industrial relations and the political process in Pakistan 1947-1977


  • Amjad, Rashid
  • Mahmood, Khalid


This paper is an introduction to the development of industrial relations in Pakistan over the 30 years since Pakistan gained independence in 1947. One of its aims was to put together a brief history of the trade union movement in the country. It is divided into four parts. Chapter I is a historical and political analysis of the trade union movement as divided into four distinct phases. Chapter II gives a brief history of the growth of employers’ organizations. Chapter III gives a detailed account of the important labour legislation which was introduced during this period. Chapter IV deals with organizations and functions of the trade unions in Pakistan and tries to focus attention on some of the major problems with which the movement faced during this period. Finally the paper concludes with a broad review of the state of labour relations in Pakistan in the second half of the 1970s.

Suggested Citation

  • Amjad, Rashid & Mahmood, Khalid, 1982. "Industrial relations and the political process in Pakistan 1947-1977," MPRA Paper 38970, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38970

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Industrial Economics; Industrial regulation; Industrial relations; Labour legislations; Labour relations; Pakistan;

    JEL classification:

    • L5 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy
    • N35 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Asia including Middle East


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:38970. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter) or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.