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Vom Camarade Zum Monsieur: Strukturanpassung Und Demokratisierung in Benin
[From 'Camarade' to 'Monsieur': Structural Adjustment and Democratization in Benin]


  • Kohnert, Dirk
  • Preuss, Hans-Joachim


The process of political and economic liberalisation in Benin is regarded as a model for the whole of Sub-Saharan Africa. Benin made history by becoming the first African country to overthrow a military dictator by democratic means. The civilian coup d'état cleared the way for economic recovery, too. The strengthening of democratic institutions, and the good will of the new government of the former high ranking World Bank-employee Soglo, to follow the recommendations of the structural adjustment program have been honoured by the donors' generosity. The recovery of the economy, however, was hampered by the underlying fabric of the socio-cultural structure of clientelism and patronage, which resulted in a situation in which the on-going structural adjustment program mainly served the vested interests of the state class and rival strategic groups, bargaining for the booty of increasing development assistance. Thus, socio-economic conditions for a self-sustaining development process and, consequently, increased development assistance are not yet met. Nevertheless, areas of co-operation do exist in the fields of liberty of press and opinion, basic needs and self-help organizations.

Suggested Citation

  • Kohnert, Dirk & Preuss, Hans-Joachim, 1992. "Vom Camarade Zum Monsieur: Strukturanpassung Und Demokratisierung in Benin
    [From 'Camarade' to 'Monsieur': Structural Adjustment and Democratization in Benin]
    ," MPRA Paper 3674, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:3674

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sarfraz Khan Qureshi & Akhtiar H. Shah, 1992. "A Critical Review of Rural Credit Policy in Pakistan," The Pakistan Development Review, Pakistan Institute of Development Economics, vol. 31(4), pages 781-801.
    2. Carter, Michael R., 1989. "The impact of credit on peasant productivity and differentiation in Nicaragua," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 31(1), pages 13-36, July.
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    Cited by:

    1. Kohnert, Dirk, 1994. "'Wir sind alle abgewertet !' Zur Anpassungskrise von Währung, Wirtschaft und Gesellschaft in der CFA-Zone
      ['We are all devalued!' On the adjustment crisis of currency, economy and society in the CF
      ," MPRA Paper 82163, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Kohnert, Dirk, 1991. "Sozio-Kulturelle Kurzanalyse: Benin
      [Socio-Cultural Proximate Analysis: Benin Republic]
      ," MPRA Paper 83760, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Kohnert, Dirk, 1993. "Demokratisierung im frankophonen Afrika - "Freie Bahn dem Liberalismus !"
      [Democratization in francophone Africa: "clear the path to liberalism!"]
      ," MPRA Paper 83808, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item


    Transition; structural adjustment; democratization; Bénin; frankophone Africa;

    JEL classification:

    • P31 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Socialist Enterprises and Their Transitions
    • P37 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Legal
    • P32 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - Collectives; Communes; Agricultural Institutions
    • P2 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Systems and Transition Economies
    • Z1 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics
    • P52 - Economic Systems - - Comparative Economic Systems - - - Comparative Studies of Particular Economies
    • P33 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy
    • Z13 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Economic Sociology; Economic Anthropology; Language; Social and Economic Stratification


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