IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/pra/mprapa/20407.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

I contributi dello Stato all'attività di ricerca e sviluppo delle imprese
[Public grants for the firms' R&D activities]

Author

Listed:
  • Antonelli, Maria Alessandra

Abstract

In the Lisbon strategy, Member States committed to making structural reforms to their economies. Within this context, the European Council called for R&D investment to approach 3% of GDP by 2010, of which 2% should come from private sector. At the moment, in Italy R&D investment represents 1,2% of GDP, of which about 50% comes from the private sector. In Italy, public support to the private R&D's activities is basically built on fundings' allocation from the public sector to the private firms. The two main funds to this purpose are the FAR (fondo per le Agevolazioni alla Ricerca) and the FIT (Fondo per l'Innovazione Tecnologica). The aim of this paper is to analyze teh italian institutional and economic framework of the public incentives to the private R&D activity. Forst of all, the institutional framework is depicted (beneficiaries, typological classification of public fundings, allocation's rules). Using data from the Ministry of Productive Activities, the Italian Association for the Industrial Research and the national Accounts Department, the trend of the fundings allocations is the time span 1985-2002 is depicted. The analysis in terms of demand and supply of funds shows a relevant excess of the demand and a greater flow of resources towards big enterprises. The sector-based distribution of funding is analyzed calculating an index of funding concentration. While the FIT presents a quite uniform distribution (except for transports and communications), the FAR is characterized by a greater sector-based concentration.Finally, the analysis of the effects of public spending on the private R&D expenditure shows that further support more incentive-based is needed such as, for example, tax credit.

Suggested Citation

  • Antonelli, Maria Alessandra, 2005. "I contributi dello Stato all'attività di ricerca e sviluppo delle imprese
    [Public grants for the firms' R&D activities]
    ," MPRA Paper 20407, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:20407
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/20407/1/MPRA_paper_20407.pdf
    File Function: original version
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Research and Development; Public incentives to the private R&D;

    JEL classification:

    • H50 - Public Economics - - National Government Expenditures and Related Policies - - - General
    • O38 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Government Policy
    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • L88 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Government Policy

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:20407. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Joachim Winter). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/vfmunde.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.