Un Sistema de Ingresos Representativo para los Municipios de México
[A Representative Revenue System for Local Governments in Mexico]
This paper shows an estimate of the fiscal capacity of the municipalities in Mexico from two alternatives: a Macrofórmula based on the local GDP per capita (for 1.954 municipalities) and our approximation (for 1.461 municipalities) for a Representative Revenue System (RRS), Which is obtained dividing the municipal income in two components: the tax base by property tax, and a base that includes "other" revenues. As far as we know, this is the first estimate at this level of disaggregation in our country. The estimate is for the 2005, since it is the only year for the account with an estimate of GDP at municipal level in Mexico The results are consistent with other works (Sour, 2004 and Lozano and Cabrera, 2009) in both the municipalities with greater fiscal capacity are those whose economic activities central allow the "export taxes", that is, tourist destinations. Nevertheless, differ partially other results as the Aguilar (2009), which may be due to this author, in weighing the industrial activities of the municipalities, biased the results compared to those with strong presence of services and which have the "export taxes" possibility (Lozano and Cabrera, 2009).
|Date of creation:||07 Dec 2009|
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