This paper deals with the option-pricing problem. In the first part of the paper we study in details the discrete setting of the option-pricing problem usually referred to as the binomial scheme. We highlight basic differences between the old and the new approaches. The main qualitative distinction of the new pricing approach from either binomial or Black Scholes’s is that it represents the option price as a stochastic process. This stochastic interpretation can not give straightforward advantage for an investor due to stochastic setting of the pricing problem. The new approach explicitly states that the options price is more risky than represented by binomial scheme or Black Scholes theory. To highlight the difference between stochastic and deterministic option price definitions note that if a deterministic value is interpreted as a perfect or fair price we can comment that the stochastic interpretation provides this number or any other with the probability that real world option value at maturity will be bellow chosen number. This probability is a pricing risk of the option. Thus with an investor’s motivation of the option pricing the stochastic approach gives information about the risk taking. The investor analyzing option price and corresponding risk makes a decision to purchase the option or not. Continuous setting will be considered in the second part of the paper following . A significant conclusion can be drawn from the new approach. It is shown that either binomial or Black-Scholes solutions of the option pricing problem have serious drawbacks. In particular, the binomial scheme establishes the unique price for a stock that takes two values and strike price K, Sd
|Date of creation:||2005|
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