Internet Auctions with Artificial Adaptive Agents: A Study on Market Design
We develop a model of internet auctions with the aim of understanding how rules for ending such auctions (a "hard"- or "soft"-close) affect bidding behavior. We model bidding strategies using finite automata and report results from simulations involving populations of artificial bidders who update their strategies using a genetic algorithm. Our model is shown to deliver late or early bidding behavior, depending on whether the auction has a hard- or soft-close rule in accordance with the empirical evidence. We report on other interesting properties of our model and offer some conclusions from a market design point of view.
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