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A General Assessment of Foreign Trade Barriers to Philippine Exports


  • Medalla, Erlinda M.


To shed light on the difficulties in discussing the issue of protectionism, this study analyzes the overall impact of non-tariff measures (NTM) to the Philippine exports. It also attempts to make an inventory of NTM imposed by United States, Japan and European countries, affecting most, if not all, of Philippine exports. The difficulties can be attributed to recent developments in trade policy and legislation which shows an intensification, rather than a reversals of past protectionist trends.

Suggested Citation

  • Medalla, Erlinda M., 1988. "A General Assessment of Foreign Trade Barriers to Philippine Exports," Working Papers WP 1988-01, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:phd:wpaper:wp_1988-01

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    Cited by:

    1. Medalla, Erlinda M., 1990. "An Assessment of Trade and Industrial Policy, 1986-1988," Working Papers WP 1990-07, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.


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