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A Profile of the Philippine Pharmaceutical Sector

Author

Listed:
  • Tabuga, Aubrey D.
  • Lavado, Rouselle F.
  • Reyes, Celia M.
  • Asis, Ronina D.
  • Datu, Maria Blesila G.

Abstract

The Philippines is one of the biggest pharmaceutical markets in the ASEAN region, next only to Indonesia and Thailand. It is a lifeline to thousands of Filipino workers and a significant contributor in terms of value of output. This industry is one of the fastest growing industries in the country. Meanwhile, its output, drugs and medicines, account for 46 percent of the total medical out-of-pocket expenses of Philippine households. For poorer people, this percentage goes up to 55 percent. Making essential drugs and medicines more affordable especially to the poor and underserved is one of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). It is therefore essential to examine the profile of the pharmaceutical industry in the country to better understand the supply chain of drugs and medicines for policy formulation purposes. Using administrative data from agencies that have regulative powers over the industry, a profile of the Philippine pharmaceutical industry was developed. As of December 2009, the Food and Drug Administration’s records show that there are 284 drug manufacturers, 438 drug traders, 634 drug importers, 4,719 drug distributors of which 3,956 are wholesalers, and 32,538 retail outlets. Manufacturing is dominated by multinational brand originator giants and numerous local generics/branded generics producers. Meanwhile, trading is done by few large companies and thousands of small retail outlets. The industry players are diverse and formulating policies therefore must take into consideration how each player may be affected by policy issuances.

Suggested Citation

  • Tabuga, Aubrey D. & Lavado, Rouselle F. & Reyes, Celia M. & Asis, Ronina D. & Datu, Maria Blesila G., 2011. "A Profile of the Philippine Pharmaceutical Sector," Discussion Papers DP 2011-11, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
  • Handle: RePEc:phd:dpaper:dp_2011-11
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Kempkes, Gerhard & Pohl, Carsten, 2006. "The Efficiency of German Universities Some Evidence from Non-Parametric and Parametric Methods," Dresden Discussion Paper Series in Economics 08/06, Technische Universität Dresden, Faculty of Business and Economics, Department of Economics.
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    3. AT Flegg & DO Allen & K Field & TW Thurlow, 2003. "Measuring the Efficiency and Productivity of British Universities: An Application of DEA and the Malmquist Approach," Working Papers 0304, Department of Accounting, Economics and Finance, Bristol Business School, University of the West of England, Bristol.
    4. Gerhard Kempkes & Carsten Pohl, 2010. "The efficiency of German universities-some evidence from nonparametric and parametric methods," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 42(16), pages 2063-2079.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Digital Economy; drugs/medicine; Philippines; Geographic Information System (GIS); macroeconomic shock; Philippine pharmaceutical sector;

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