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Determinants of export performance of Ukrainian firms

Author

Listed:
  • Andrzej Cieslik

    (University of Warsaw)

  • Jan Michalek

    (University of Warsaw)

  • Iryna Nasadiuk

    (University of Warsaw)

Abstract

Following the new strand in the new trade theory literature that focuses on firm heterogeneity in this paper we investigate determinants of firm export performance in Ukraine. The study is based on the BEEPS firm level data compiled by EBRD and the World Bank. The study covers the period starting in 2005 and ending in 2013. We estimate probit regressions for each year of our sample as well as for the pooled dataset that includes all years. Our pooled estimation results indicate that the probability of exporting is related to the level of productivity, the firm size, R&D expenditure, the share of university graduates in productive employment, as well as the internationalization of firms. The estimation results obtained for particular countries reveal some degree of heterogeneity. In particular, the firm age is significant only in the last years of our sample.

Suggested Citation

  • Andrzej Cieslik & Jan Michalek & Iryna Nasadiuk, 2015. "Determinants of export performance of Ukrainian firms," Working Papers 41/2015, Institute of Economic Research, revised Apr 2015.
  • Handle: RePEc:pes:wpaper:2015:no41
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Helmut Fryges & Joachim Wagner, 2021. "Exports and Productivity Growth — First Evidence from a Continuous Treatment Approach," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Joachim Wagner (ed.), MICROECONOMETRIC STUDIES OF FIRMS’ IMPORTS AND EXPORTS Advanced Methods of Analysis and Evidence from German Enterprises, chapter 6, pages 57-86, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    2. Krugman, Paul, 1980. "Scale Economies, Product Differentiation, and the Pattern of Trade," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 70(5), pages 950-959, December.
    3. Joachim Wagner, 2016. "Exports and Productivity: A Survey of the Evidence from Firm Level Data," World Scientific Book Chapters, in: Microeconometrics of International Trade, chapter 1, pages 3-41, World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd..
    4. Elhanan Helpman & Marc J. Melitz & Stephen R. Yeaple, 2004. "Export Versus FDI with Heterogeneous Firms," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 94(1), pages 300-316, March.
    5. Alexander Pivovarsky, 2003. "Ownership Concentration and Performance in Ukraine's Privatized Enterprises," IMF Staff Papers, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 50(1), pages 1-2.
    6. Krugman, Paul R., 1979. "Increasing returns, monopolistic competition, and international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 9(4), pages 469-479, November.
    7. Earle, John S. & Gehlbach, Scott, 2014. "The Productivity Consequences of Political Turnover: Firm-Level Evidence from Ukraine's Orange Revolution," IZA Discussion Papers 8510, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    8. Marc J. Melitz, 2003. "The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 71(6), pages 1695-1725, November.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Andrzej Cieślik & Łukasz Goczek, 2015. "Corruption and Export Performance in Post-communist Countries: Evidence from Firm-level Data," Ekonomia journal, Faculty of Economic Sciences, University of Warsaw, vol. 42.
    2. Cieślik Andrzej & Michałek Jan Jakub & Gauger Iryna, 2018. "Regional dimension of firm level productivity determinants: the case of manufacturing and service firms in Ukraine," Central European Economic Journal, Sciendo, vol. 5(52), pages 81-95, January.
    3. Cieślik Andrzej & Michałek Jan Jakub & Tovias Alfred, 2017. "The Determinants of Export Performance of Firms in Selected MENA Countries: Comparison with CEE Countries, Israel and Turkey," Central European Economic Journal, Sciendo, vol. 2(49), pages 4-22, December.
    4. Roseline Misati & Kethi Ngoka, 2021. "Constraints on the performance and competitiveness of Tanzania's manufacturing exports," WIDER Working Paper Series wp-2021-35, World Institute for Development Economic Research (UNU-WIDER).
    5. Krzysztof Wach, 2017. "Exploring the Role of Ownership in International Entrepreneurship: How does Ownership Affect Internationalisation of Polish Firms?," Entrepreneurial Business and Economics Review, Centre for Strategic and International Entrepreneurship at the Cracow University of Economics., vol. 5(4), pages 205-223.
    6. Cieślik Andrzej & Michałek Jan Jakub & Nasadiuk Iryna, 2017. "The Regional Heterogeneity of Productivity Determinants: Evidence from Ukrainian Firms," Miscellanea Geographica. Regional Studies on Development, Sciendo, vol. 21(1), pages 44-50, March.
    7. Kotorri Mrika & Krasniqi Besnik A., 2018. "Managerial Characteristics and Export Performance – Empirical Evidence from Kosovo," South East European Journal of Economics and Business, Sciendo, vol. 13(2), pages 32-48, December.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Export activity; firm heterogeneity; Ukraine;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • P33 - Economic Systems - - Socialist Institutions and Their Transitions - - - International Trade, Finance, Investment, Relations, and Aid

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