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Sobre la naturaleza multidimensional de la pobreza humana: propuesta conceptual e implementación empírica para el caso Peruano

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  • Jhonatan A. Clausen Lizárraga

    ( Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

  • José Luis Flor Toro

    ( Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú)

Abstract

Esta investigación tiene como primer objetivo realizar un análisis crítico de la literatura que ha buscado implementar mediciones de pobreza multidimensional en el Perú. A partir de este ejercicio, rigurosamente sustentado en el enfoque de las capacidades, se identifican dos principales grupos de críticas. El primer grupo se relaciona a la justificación de la elección de las dimensiones de la pobreza y los indicadores que las reflejan. Así, se cuestiona la elección de ciertas dimensiones (y la exclusión de otras) y de ciertos indicadores para ellas que reflejan entitlements antes que functionings. El segundo grupo de críticas se relaciona a la metodología de agregación de dichos indicadores así como a otras críticas acerca implementación empírica y cuestiones instrumentales, en particular, la importancia y utilidad del uso de una medida única multidimensional en lugar de un abanico de indicadores uni-dimensionales, y la sensibilidad a la elección de ponderaciones de las medidas. Tomando en cuenta estas dificultades, se propone en tercer lugar llevar a cabo una nueva propuesta de medición de la pobreza multidimensional en el Perú que reconozca de forma explícita dichas deficiencias a fin intentar superarlas. El resultado es una medida de pobreza humana multidimensional que parte de la metodología empírica de Alkire y Foster (2010) y que a su vez se vale fuertemente del enfoque de las capacidades a nivel conceptual para realizar extensiones de acuerdo a la realidad propia del Perú. JEL Classification-JEL:

Suggested Citation

  • Jhonatan A. Clausen Lizárraga & José Luis Flor Toro, 2014. " Sobre la naturaleza multidimensional de la pobreza humana: propuesta conceptual e implementación empírica para el caso Peruano," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2014-387, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:pcp:pucwps:wp00387
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    File URL: http://files.pucp.edu.pe/departamento/economia/DDD387.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. repec:wly:jintdv:v:29:y:2017:i:4:p:500-519 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Waldo Mendoza, 2015. "Demanda y oferta agregada en presencia de políticas monetarias no convencionales," Documentos de Trabajo / Working Papers 2015-396, Departamento de Economía - Pontificia Universidad Católica del Perú.
    3. Luis García, 2017. "The Consumption of Household Goods, Bargaining Power and their Relationship with a Conditional Cash Transfer Program in Peru," Journal of International Development, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., pages 500-519.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    pobreza multidimensional; capacidades esenciales; medición de pobreza; Peru;

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